Bain Attwood has published extensively in the history of settler colonialism. His sole authored books include The Making of the Aborigines (1989), Rights for Aborigines (2003) , Telling the Truth About Aboriginal History (2005), and Possession: Batman’s Treaty and the Matter of History (2009).
He has also jointly authored a book with his colleague Andrew Markus, The 1967 Referendum (1997, revised edn 2007), and has edited several collections of essays.
His book Possession won the 2010 Ernest Scott Prize for the most distinguished contribution to the history of Australia or New Zealand or to the history of colonisation.
Bain has held fellowships at the Australian National University (2001-03) and Cambridge University (2007-08) as well as the Visiting Professorship in Australian Studies at Harvard University (2014-15).
He has undertaken work for the National Museum of Australia, and has written occasionally on indigenous history for newspapers.