Dharma’s current research focuses on: fertility and partnering, social cohesion, international migration, family and household structures, population research, ageing and health. Dharma’s research also covers demographic issues in India, in particular fertility, religion and health.

In his research Dharma use census data and primary and secondary survey data. Although Dharma has used both qualitative and quantitative methods, his current research uses predominantly quantitative methods, multilevel models, population projection and simulation techniques and conventional demographic methods.

In answering key research questions, Dharma’s perspective pays attention to group-level social, economic and cultural features and seeks explanations at multiple levels.

Dharma’s recent publications include two co-edited volumes: Creating Social Cohesion in an Interdependent World: Experiences of Australia and Japan (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016) and Family Formation in 21st Century Australia (Springer, 2015). He has also co-authored the monograph The New Zealand Family From 1840. A Demographic History (Auckland University Press, 2007).

His current research covers Indian Migrants in Australia, intermarriage, Social Cohesion and Cultural Diversity, Housing+Transport costs and Housing Affordability, and Homelessness in Australia.

Dharma has supervised a number of Masters and PhD students to successful completions in the following broad areas of research: (i) Immigration, identity, social capital and migrant integration; (ii) Population dynamics; (iii) housing affordability; and (iv) Reproductive and child health.