Dr Sam Butchart


Research Fellow

Academic Background

  • Sam Butchart CV
  • Ph.D., Monash University, 2001
  • M. Phil, Cambridge University UK, 1994
  • B.A. (Hons), University College London, UK, 1993.

Sam was born in London and grew up in Birmingham in the UK. As a result of a very good party in Cambridge in 1994, he ended up moving to Australia in 1995. In addition to an intermittent career as a philosopher, he has also worked as a software engineer for several companies in the UK and Australia. He also once had a very brief career as Rock Legend with the late-lamented Dr. Finbar Trio. He lives in East St. Kilda with two pot plants and no kittens.


Research Interests

  • Philosophy of Mathematics
  • Philosophical Logic
  • Epistemology
  • Informal Logic and Critical Thinking

Research Projects

Effective Pedagogy for Improving Critical Thinking

I worked with Professor Ian Gold and others on a three year Professor John Bigelow in his work on Simpson’s Paradox and the evolution of altruistic behaviour. We created two computer games designed to illustrate the effect of Simpson’s Paradox. For more information see theStanford Encyclopedia entry on Simpson’s Paradox. The computer games, which are available to play online, are ‘Sharks and Suckers’ and ‘Rats and Lemmings’.


Review of Graham Priest, An Introduction to Non-Classical Logic, 2nd edition. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, forthcoming.

“Critical Thinking”. In A Companion to Philosophy in Australasia, Monash ePress, forthcoming.

“Improving critical thinking using web based argument mapping exercises with automated feedback” (with Daniella Forster, Ian Gold et al.) The Australasian Journal for Educational Technology, 25 (2), 2009.

“Teaching Philosophy, Logic and Critical Thinking using Peer Instruction” (with Toby Handfield and Greg Restall). Teaching Philosophy, 32 (1), 2009.

“A Note on Monothetic BCI” (with Tomasz Kowalski). Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47no. 4 (2006), 541-544.

“Number” (with John Bigelow) in the Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2nd edition), edited by Donald Borchert. MacMillan: Farmington Hills, MI, 2005.

“Naïve Comprehension and Contracting Implications” (with Susan Rogerson).Studia Logica 71(2002), 119-132.

Work in Progress

Algebraizing A-> (pdf) (with Su Rogerson). Paper on Abelian Logic, presenteed at UNILOG conference, Lisbon 2010.